IMS, 2015. Edition of 2,000 copies. Softcover, 256 pp., illustrated throughout, 260 x 210 mm. Photographs by Claudia Andujar. Text by Claudia Andujar, Thyago Nogueira, ângelo Manjabosco (English / Portuguese). Design by Elisa von Randow, Julia Masagão.
Shortlisted for the 2016 Jabuti Prize
This catalog results from two years’ research into the work of photographer Claudia Andujar in the collection of the IMS. It covers the period from her first arrival in São Paulo, Brazil in 1955 to her first trips to the Amazon in the early 1970s. The catalog was published in 2015 to accompany the exhibition Claudia Andujar: in the place of the other, which was shown at the IMS Rio in that year.
The book is divided into four sections, each of which explores a different aspect of her photography of Brazil during the 1960s and 1970s, before she started working with the Yanomami tribe. The first section looks at her anthropological work, and is followed by sections focusing on her photojournalism, her experiments with urban landscapes, and her interest in nature. With a humanist view of the world, Andujar ventured into the unknown, into closed and marginalized communities. She used her camera to build an understanding of the other and herself. This exploration of the new extended to the geographical, when she was obliged to rebuild her life in a new country.
This period saw Andujar immersing herself in anthropology as she experimented both visually and thematically and became politically engaged – all of which later she brilliantly synthesized in her work amongst the Yanomami indigenous peoples, transforming the documentation and protection of this indigenous people into her life’s mission. Over time, her work with the Yanomami has overshadowed her extensive work from the period prior to that life-changing experience. By revisiting her pre-Yanomami photographic work, this book helps us understand the breadth and complexity of the work of one of Brazil’s most important photographers.
Claudia Andujar was born in Switzerland in 1931 and then moved to Oradea, on the border between Romania and Hungary. Suffering from the persecution of the Jews during the Second World War, she fled with her mother in 1944 to Switzerland, and then immigrated to the United States. In New York she became interested in painting and worked as an interpreter for the United Nations. In 1955 she came to Brazil to meet her mother and decided to settle in the country, where she started her career as a photographer. Over the following decades she traveled throughout Brazil, working with domestic and international magazines such as Life, Aperture, Look, Claudia, Quatro Rodas and Setenta. In 1966 she started working as a freelance photographer for the magazine Realidade. She received a scholarship from the Guggenheim Foundation in 1971 and her works was shown in numerous exhibitions in Brazil and abroad, including the 27th Bienal de São Paulo, and the exhibition Yanomami at the Cartier Foundation for Contemporary Art in Paris in 2002.